In the lower portion of the digestive system, disorders such as colon cancer, rectal cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease may be treated using a surgical technique known as colorectal surgery. It is crucial to have a pre-operative and postoperative nutritional plan in place for a good recovery since this is an integral aspect of the total care plan that a surgeon would prescribe.
This blog will offer an overview of the dietary advice for patients undergoing colorectal surgery before and after their treatment, as specified by their surgeon. These instructions should be followed closely to get optimal results, along with a professional Colorectal Surgeon’s advice.
The surgical correction of conditions affecting the colon, rectum, and anus are the primary focus of colorectal surgery, which is a subspecialty of general surgery. Cancer, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and haemorrhoids are some of the disorders that fall under this category. Colorectal surgery is performed by both traditional open surgery and keyhole or laparoscopic surgery.
A colectomy, which involves the removal of all or part of the colon, is the most commonly performed colorectal surgery. This procedure helps to treat colon cancer or any another kind of colon illness. Further procedures such as ileostomies, colostomies, and anal fistula operations fall within the category of colorectal surgery.
According to Colorectal Surgeon it is essential for patients undergoing colorectal surgery to adhere to a diet that is both nutritious and well-balanced in the days leading up to their operation. They should eat foods that are low in sugar and fat, such as fruits and vegetables, as well as foods that are rich in fibre and protein. Patients should also try to reduce the amount of refined and processed meals they consume. To maintain their hydration level, they should also consume a substantial amount of fluids, such as water and fruit juices that do not include added sugar.
Most of the time patients are given a purgative to clear their intestines a few hours before surgery. Patients should follow their surgeon’s instructions and refrain from consuming anything by mouth after the stroke of midnight the night before surgery. This is done to lessen the likelihood of aspiration during the surgery and guarantee that the stomach is empty.
Patients about to have colorectal surgery should have their diet customised to their specific requirements and written down by their surgeon. In most cases, patients should begin their recovery by consuming only clear liquids for the first fewdays following surgery. This category may include beverages such as water, broth, soups, tea, and juices that are clear in colour. After a few days, they will be able to make the transition to a completely liquid diet, which may include products such as milk, smoothies, soups, and meals that have been pureed. Protein shakes can also be tried during this phase.
As soon as the patient can take liquids, they will be able to go on a diet consisting of semi-solid foods. This includes applesauce, oats, khichdi, upma and yoghurt, all of which have been crushed, mashed, or pureed into a smooth consistency. After a couple of days, the patient may go to a regular diet consisting of solid meals and begin eating normally.
Colorectal surgery is performed to detect and treat problems affecting the digestive system’s lower portion. Before and after the treatment, patients must maintain a nutritious and well-balanced diet.
The diet should be adapted to meet the patient’s specific requirements, as outlined in the prescription provided by the surgeon. Following this dietary advice before and after the treatment will increase your chances of having a successful recovery and leading an overall healthier lifestyle.
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Dr. Aparna Govil Bhasker is a Laparoscopic & Bariatric Surgeon with experience of over 15 years. She is an alumnus of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram. Incidentally, she was the first lady in more than 20 years to take up surgery as a specialization in her institute. Women in surgery constitute less than 5% of the total number of surgeons in India and have to face a lot of prejudices. However, she considers herself to be blessed to have been trained by the best teachers and most supportive colleagues… Read more